Our aim was to investigate the association between serum metabolites and nocturia.

A total of 66 males aged 65-80 years were enrolled in this study and stratified according to micturition behavior, which was characterized in terms of the 24 h frequency volume chart (FVC) for 3 consecutive days, the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality-of-life score. The nocturia group included participants with any total IPSS and ⩾1.5 micturitions/night as the mean of 3 nights, while the control group included participants with total IPSS < 8 and <1.5 micturitions/night. We conducted a comprehensive capillary electrophoresis time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CE-TOFMS) study of plasma metabolites. Between-group comparisons of metabolite levels employed the Welch t test. The relationship between nocturia and metabolite profiles was determined using multivariable logistic regression analysis.

Of 66 participants, 45 were included in the nocturia group and 21 in the control group. There were no differences in background factors between the two groups. FVC analysis revealed that urine production during night-time, as well as micturition frequency during daytime and night-time were significantly higher in the nocturia group. CE-TOFMS identified eight metabolites whose plasma levels differed between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that increased levels of lauric acid and imidazolelactic acid, as well as decreased levels of thiaproline and glycerol, contribute to the etiology of nocturia in aged men.

Our findings suggest that abnormal serum levels of metabolites in several pathways play a role in the pathogenesis of nocturia in aged men.

Therapeutic advances in urology. 2019 May 17*** epublish ***

Satoru Kira, Takahiko Mitsui, Tatsuya Miyamoto, Tatsuya Ihara, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Yuka Hashimoto, Hajime Takamatsu, Masayuki Tanahashi, Masahiro Takeda, Norifumi Sawada, Masayuki Takeda

Department of Urology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Shimokato 1110, Chuo, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan., Department of Urology, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Japan., Pharmacology Research Labs, Astellas Pharma Inc., Tsukuba, Japan.