Open-Label, Pilot Study of Olaparib as a Neoadjuvant Therapy for Patients Undergoing Prostatectomy for Localized Prostate Cancer

Condition: ATM Biallelic Inactivation, ATM Gene Mutation, ATM Monoallelic Inactivation, BRCA1 Biallelic Inactivation, BRCA1 Gene Mutation, BRCA2 Biallelic Inactivation, BRCA2 Gene Mutation, FANCA Biallelic Inactivation, Homologous Recombination Deficiency, PALB2 Biallelic Inactivation, PALB2 Gene Mutation, Prostate Adenocarcinoma Without Evidence of Neuroendocrine Differentiation, Stage I Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage II Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IIC Prostate Cancer AJCC v8


  • Drug: Olaparib
  • Procedure: Radical Prostatectomy

Purpose: This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating participants with prostate cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body. Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by interfering with the activity of a substance called PARP, which is inside cells. Giving olaparib before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT03570476

Sponsor: University of Washington

Primary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: Pathologic complete response (pCR) rate
  • Time Frame: At time of prostatectomy (at 12 weeks)
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Incidence of adverse events
  • Time Frame: Up to 30 days after the last dose of olaparib
  • Safety Issue:

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: Rate of positive surgical margins
  • Time Frame: At time of prostatectomy (at 12 weeks)
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Stage of disease
  • Time Frame: At time of prostatectomy (at 12 weeks)
  • Safety Issue:

Estimated Enrollment: 15

Study Start Date: September 11, 2018

Phase: Phase 2


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: Male

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provision of informed consent prior to any study specific procedures.
  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without morphologic neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features.
  • The presence of homologous recombination deficiency defined by either; A) Inherited pathogenic variant of BRCA2, ATM, BRCA1, PALB2 by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) level germline assay or B) have evidence by somatic sequencing using a CLIA level assay of biallelic inactivation of BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, FANCA or biallelic inactivation or monoallelic inactivating mutation of ATM. It is anticipated that the majority of patients will be germline carriers of a pathogenic variant of BRCA1, BRCA2 or ATM. Other germline mutations will be considered at investigator’s discretion.
  • Must be candidates for radical prostatectomy and considered surgically resectable by urologic evaluation.
  • No evidence of metastatic disease or nodal disease as determined by radionuclide bone scans and computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); non-pathological lymph nodes must be less than 20 mm in the short (transverse) axis.
  • Provided written authorization for use and release of health and research study information.
  • Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days.
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment).
  • Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment).
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment).
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present in which case they must be =< 5 x ULN (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment).
  • Patients must have creatinine clearance estimated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation of >= 51 mL/min (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy >= 16 weeks.
  • Male patients and their partners, who are sexually active and of childbearing potential, must agree to the use of two highly effective forms of contraception in combination throughout the period of taking study treatment and for 3 months after last dose of study drug(s) to prevent pregnancy in a partner.
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site).
  • Any previous treatment with PARP inhibitor, including olaparib.
  • Other malignancy within the last 5 years except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, or other solid tumors including lymphomas (without bone marrow involvement) curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >= 5 years.
  • Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec on 2 or more time points within a 24-hour period or family history of long QT syndrome.
  • Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or radiotherapy.
  • Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil). The required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 2 weeks.
  • Concomitant use of known strong (e.g. phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John’s wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil). The required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 5 weeks for phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents.
  • Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery.
  • Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent.
  • Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication.
  • Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Patients with a known hypersensitivity to olaparib or any of the excipients of the product.
  • Patients with known active hepatitis (i.e., hepatitis B or C) due to risk of transmitting the infection through blood or other body fluids.
  • Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or cord blood transplantation.
  • Whole blood transfusions in the last 120 days prior to entry to the study (packed red blood cells and platelet transfusions are acceptable).


  • Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  • Seattle Washington 98109 United States

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