Research for management of benign prostate obstruction (BPO) for adult males remains a cornerstone of urology research. This landscape has witnessed the rise and fall of multiple therapies, both surgical and medical. Our aim was to formally evaluate the publication trends for these interventions over the past 20 years.

A systematic search was performed in a Cochrane style. Data was analysed using the independent t-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient (SPSS version 24). To observe changes in trends more effectively, data was sub-divided into two time periods: 1997 to 2006 and 2007 to 2016.

Over the past 20 years, 4236 papers have been published concerning for BPO (surgical, n = 2177 and medical, n = 2059). For surgical treatments, these included articles on monopolar transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) (n = 340), bipolar TURP (n = 260), HoLEP (n = 293) and Greenlight laser (n = 395). For medical therapies, these included alpha blockers (848), 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (n = 618) and PDE5I (n = 91). Between the two time periods the change was +18.8% (p = 0.108) for monopolar TURP, +497.1% (<0.001) for bipolar TURP, -54.5% (p <0.001 for prostatic stents and -81.9% (p <0.001) for transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT). There was over 290% rise in number of publications related to BPO laser surgery (p <0.001). For medical interventions, the change was +11.5% (p = 0.397) for alpha blockers, -1.9% (p = 0.867), +49.0%( 0.122) for phytotherapy, +2075% (p <0.001) for PDEI and +2375.0% (p <0.001) for combined alpha blocker and anti-muscarinics.

Interventions for BPO have undergone a high volume of research. In particular, minimally invasive laser surgeries and combined medical therapies have seen significant expansion.

Central European journal of urology. 2019 Apr 26 [Epub]

Jeremy Nettleton, Patrick Jones, Amelia Pietropaolo, Robert Geraghty, Bhavan Rai, Marcus Drake, Laurian Dragos, Domenico Veneziano, Bhaskar K Somani

Bristol Urological Institute, Bristol, United Kingdom., Department of Urology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle, United Kingdom., Department of Urology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton, United Kingdom., Urology Department, Emergency County Hospital, Pius Branzeu, Timisoara, Romania., Department of Urology and Kidney Transplant G.O.M. Reggio Calabria, Italy., Consultant Urological Surgeon (Endourology Lead), University Hospital Southampton, NHS Trust Southampton, United Kingdom.