To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) for detecting extracapsular extension (ECE) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa).

We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library up to December 2018. We included studies that used mpMRI to differentiate ECE from organ-confined PCa with a combination of T2 weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging, and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. All studies included had pathological diagnosis with radical prostatectomy. Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality of included studies by using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 tool. We calculated pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, diagnostic odds ratios and receiver operating characteristic curve for mpMRI from 2 × 2 tables.

A total of 17 studies that comprised 3374 participants were included. The pooled data showed a sensitivity of 0.55 (95% confidence interval 0.43, 0.66]) and specificity of 0.87 (95% confidence interval 0.82, 0.91) for extracapsular extension detection in PCa.

First, our meta-analysis shows moderate sensitivity and high specificity for mpMRI to differentiate ECE from organ-confined prostate cancer before surgery. Second, our meta-analysis shows that mpMRI had no significant differences in performance compared with the former meta-analysis with use of T2WI alone or with additional functional MRI.

It is the first meta-analysis to evaluate the accuracy of mpMRI in combination of TWI, diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamiccontrast-enhanced-MRI for extracapsular extension detection.

The British journal of radiology. 2019 Oct 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Fan Zhang, Chen-Lu Liu, Qian Chen, Sheng-Chao Shao, Shuang-Qing Chen

Department of Radiology, the Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou 215001, China.