Long-term follow up of single dose high-dose rate brachytherapy (HDR BT) for localised prostate cancer has revealed higher than expected rates of biochemical and local failure. This study aimed (i) to investigate the pattern of relapse within the prostate with reference to the initial site of disease in those patients; and (ii) to examine if there were any relationships between the HDR BT dosimetric parameters to these areas of recurrence.