(UroToday.com) The European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2021 annual meeting’s non-prostate cancer proffered paper session included a presentation by Dr. Toni Choueiri discussing patient-reported outcomes (PROs) among patients in KEYNOTE-564 receiving pembrolizumab versus placebo as adjuvant therapy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Nephrectomy is the standard of care treatment for locoregional RCC, but nearly half of patients may eventually experience disease recurrence after surgery. Currently, there is no globally accepted standard adjuvant therapy supported by high levels of evidence.