Background: We previously reported the antitumor activity of olaparib (400mg BID) against molecularly unselected mCRPC (TOPARP-A; Mateo et al NEJM 2015). We now report TOPARP-B, a phase II trial for patients with mCRPC preselected for putatively pathogenic DDR alterations. 

Methods: Patients with mCRPC progressing after ≥ 1 taxane chemotherapy underwent targeted sequencing of tumor biopsies and were deemed eligible when alterations (germline or somatic; mono- or bi-allelic) in any DDR gene were detected. Patients were randomized 1:1 under a “pick-the-winner” design to 400mg or 300mg of olaparib BID, aiming to exclude ≤30% response rate (RR) in either arm. The primary endpoint RR was defined as radiological response (RECIST 1.1) and/or PSA50% fall and/or CTC count conversion (Cellsearch; ≥5 to < 5), confirmed after 4-weeks. Analyses of RR per gene alteration subgroup was pre-planned. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), tolerability. 

Results: Overall, 98 patients (median age 67.6y) were randomized, with 92 patients treated and evaluable for the primary endpoint (70 RECIST-evaluable; 89 PSA50%-evaluable; 55 CTC-evaluable). All had progressed on ADT; 99% were post-docetaxel, 90% post-abiraterone/enzalutamide, 38% post-cabazitaxel. The overall RR was 54% (95%CI 39-69%, meeting threshold for primary endpoint) in the 400mg cohort and 37% (95%CI 23-53%) in the 300mg cohort. With a median follow-up of 17.6 months (mo), the overall median PFS (mPFS) was 5.4 mo. Subgroup analyses per altered gene identified indicated response rates for: BRCA1/2 of 80% (24/30; mPFS 8.1mo); PALB2 57% (4/7; mPFS 5.3mo); ATM 37% (7/19; mPFS 6.1mo); CDK12 25% (5/20; mPFS 2.9mo); others [ATRX, CHEK1, CHEK2, FANCA, FANCF, FANCG, FANCI, FANCM, RAD50, WRN] 20% (4/20; mPFS 2.8mo). The highest PSA50% response rates were observed in the BRCA1/2 (22/30; 73%) and PALB2 (4/6; 67%) subgroups. 

Conclusions: Olaparib has antitumor activity against heavily pre-treated mCRPC with DDR gene defects, with BRCA1/2 aberrant tumors being most sensitive but with confirmed responses in patients with other DDR alterations. Clinical trial information: NCT01682772.

Mateo, J., Porta, N., McGovern, U., Elliott, T., Jones, R., Syndikus, I., Ralph, C., Jain, S., Varughese, M., Parikh, O., Crabb, S., Miranda, S., Seed, G., Bertan, C., Espinasse, A., Chatfield, P., Bianchini, D., Hall, E., Carreira, S. and De Bono, J. (2019). TOPARP-B: A phase II randomized trial of the poly(ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib for metastatic castration resistant prostate cancers (mCRPC) with DNA damage repair (DDR) alterations. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 37(suppl.5005), pp.5005-5005.