An Open Label, Randomized, Phase III Trial, Evaluating Efficacy of Atezolizumab in Addition to One Year BCG (Bacillus CaLmette-Guerin) Bladder Instillation in BCG-naive Patients With High-risk Non-muscle Invasive Bladder cANcer

Condition: Bladder Cancer


  • Drug: BCG
  • Drug: Atezolizumab

Purpose: This is an open-label, randomized, multicentric study in patients with high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer who had never received BCG for this disease. The objective is to evaluate the efficacy of atezolizumab as measured by recurrence-free survival.

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT03799835


Primary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: Recurrence free survival
  • Time Frame: 2 years
  • Safety Issue:

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: Progression free survival
  • Time Frame: From randomization to the date of progression, assessed up to 5 years
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Disease specific survival
  • Time Frame: From randomization to the date of death, assessed up to 5 years
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Overall Survival
  • Time Frame: From randomization to the date of death, assessed up to 5 years
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Disease worsening in each arm
  • Time Frame: From randomization to the date of death, assessed up to 5 years
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Complete response in each arm
  • Time Frame: 6 weeks and 2 years after randomization
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Complete response among patients with CIS
  • Time Frame: 6 weeks and 2 years after randomization
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: National Cancer Institute – Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) v5.0
  • Time Frame: Throughout study completion, assessed up to 5 years
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: Quality of life questionnaire (QLQ): QLQ-C30 questionnaire (EORTC)
  • Time Frame: At randomization, every 12 weeks for years 1 and 2 after randomization, then every 24 weeks for years 3 to 5 after randomization
  • Safety Issue:

Estimated Enrollment: 614

Study Start Date: January 17, 2019

Phase: Phase 3


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: All

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Signed informed consent form 2. Adult man and women ( age ≥18 years) 3. Any high risk non muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma histologically confirmed (mixed histology tumors allowed if urothelial carcinoma histology is predominant) defined on the TURBT as any of the Following :
  • T1 tumor and/or
  • High grade (G3) and/or
  • Carcinoma in situ (CIS) 4. Tumor tissue available from the surgery for central confirmation of the diagnosis and analysis the expression of PD-L1 5. At least one additional (second) resection of the primary tumor has been performed in case of T1 tumors, or incomplete initial TURB, or in case of doubt about completeness of a TURB, or if there is no muscle in the specimen (can be omitted if TaLG/G1 tumors or primary CIS only was found) without upstaging towards MIBC (EAU guidelines, 2017) 6. Absence of metastasis, as confirmed by a negative baseline computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the pelvis, abdomen, and chest no more than 42 days prior to the first study treatment 7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 8. Life expectancy ≥12 weeks 9. Systolic blood pressure (BP) <160 mmHg and diastolic BP <95 mmHg, as documented within 7 days prior to the first study treatment (hypertension allowed provided it is controlled) 10. Adequate hematologic and end-organ function, as defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 7 days prior to the first study treatment:
  • absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500 cells/μL
  • white blood cell (WBC) counts >2500/μL
  • Lymphocyte count ≥300/μL
  • Platelet count ≥100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL
  • aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), alanine aminotransferase (ALAT), and alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum bilirubin ≤1.0 × ULN Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level ≤3 × ULN may be enrolled.
  • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)/Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 × ULN or international normalized ratio (INR) <1.7 × ULN
  • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥20 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula) 11. For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab 12. Patients affiliated to the social security system 13. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the trial including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits, and examinations including follow-up.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patient having received previous BCG therapy for bladder cancer 2. Any approved anti-cancer therapy, including chemotherapy, or hormonal therapy within 3 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment. Hormone-replacement therapy or oral contraceptives are authorized 3. Treatment with any other investigational agent or participation in another clinical trial with therapeutic intent within 28 days or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is longer, prior to day 1 of study treatment 4. Malignancies other than urothelial cancer within 5 years prior to Day 1 of cycle 1 of treatment except the following:
  • Patients with localized low risk prostate cancer (defined as Stage ≤T2b, Gleason score ≤7, and PSA at prostate cancer diagnosis ≤20 ng/mL [if measured]) treated with curative intent and without prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence are eligible.
  • Patients with low risk prostate cancer (defined as Stage T1/T2a, Gleason score ≤7 and PSA ≤10 ng/mL) who are treatment-naive and undergoing active surveillance are eligible.
  • Patients with malignancies of a negligible risk of metastasis or death (e.g., risk of metastasis or death <5% at 5 years) are eligible provided they meet all of the following criteria: malignancy treated with expected curative intent (such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal or squamous cell skin cancer, or ductal carcinoma in situ treated surgically with curative intent) and no evidence of recurrence or metastasis by follow-up imaging and any disease-specific tumor markers. 5. Pregnancy or breastfeeding 6. History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins 7. Known hypersensitivity to biopharmaceuticals produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells or any component of the atezolizumab formulation 8. History of autoimmune disease or history of immunosuppression, or conditions associated with congenital or acquired immune deficiency , including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener’s granulomatosis, Sjögren’s syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis (see Appendix 6 for a more comprehensive list of autoimmune diseases)
  • Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible for this study.
  • Patients with controlled Type I diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of insulin regimen may be eligible for this study.
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan may be eligible.
  • History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted. 9. Serum albumin <2.5 g/dL 10. Known HIV infection 11. Patients with known active hepatitis B virus (HBV; chronic or acute; defined as having a positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test at screening) or hepatitis C.
  • Patients with past HBV infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody (HBc Ab) and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA must be obtained in these patients prior to randomisation.
  • Patients positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA. 12. Known active tuberculosis 13. Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia 14. Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 15. Receipt of therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or to prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible. 16. Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association cardiac disease (Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within the previous 3 months, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina.
  • Patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting the above criteria, or left ventricular ejection fraction <50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate. 17. Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study 18. Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant 19. Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before Cycle 1, Day 1 or anticipation if such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
  • Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October through May in the Northern Hemisphere and approximately April through September in the Southern Hemisphere). Patients must agree not to receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist®) within 4 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, at randomization, during treatment or within 5 months following the last dose of atezolizumab (for patients randomized to atezolizumab). 20. Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications 21. Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint−blockade therapies, including anti-CD40, anti−CTLA-4, anti−PD-1, and anti−PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies 22. Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to interferons, interleukin 2 (IL-2)) within 6 weeks or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, prior to Cycle 1, Day 1 23. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids or other systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti−tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1, or anticipated requirement for systemic immunosuppressive medications during the trial
  • Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea, multiple doses for contrast allergy) may be enrolled in the study.
  • The use of inhaled or low-dose (e.g., ≤10 mg/day prednisone) corticosteroids for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma, mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone for adrenal insufficiency) and low-dose corticosteroids for patients with orthostatic hypotension or adrenocortical insufficiency is allowed. 24. Person deprived of their liberty or under protective custody or guardianship


  • Soazig Nénan-Le Ficher
  • +33185343113


  • Hôpital G. Montpied
  • Clermont-Ferrand 63003 France
  • Clinique Claude Bernard
  • Ermont 95120 France
  • CHU Grenoble
  • Grenoble 38043 France
  • Hôpital privé Toulon – Sainte Marguerite
  • Hyères 83400 France
  • Hôpital privé de la Louvière
  • Lille 59800 France
  • Insitut Paoli Calmette
  • Marseille 13009 France
  • Hôpital européen Georges Pompidou
  • Paris 75010 France
  • Hôpital Saint Louis
  • Paris 75010 France
  • Institut Mutualiste Montsouris
  • Paris 75014 France
  • Hôpital Diaconesses- Croix Saint Simon
  • Paris 75020 France
  • Hôpital La Pitié Salpétrière
  • Paris 75651 France
  • Hôpitaux d’instruction des armées Begin
  • Saint-Mandé 94160 France
  • Hôpital Foch
  • Suresnes 92150 France
  • Hôpitaux Leman
  • Thonon-les-Bains 74200 France

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