Urodynamic testing (urodynamics) is widely used for evaluating bladder function as a result of high detrusor compliance. This aggressive and uncomfortable test is especially difficult for children. This study aimed to determine the sensitivity of shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWE) as a new method for evaluating the biomechanical characteristics of bladder to measure the anterior bladder wall pressure in children with neurogenic bladder (NB).

The present prospective clinical study was carried out on 30 children with allegedly NB and 20 healthy children as control group. These children referred to Ahwaz Golestan Hospital in 2018. After clinical evaluations, urodynamics was performed for children with NB and detrusor compliance was measured in cm/H2O. The ultrasonography of the SWE was performed on the anterior wall of the bladder (Estimated bladder capacity (EBC) 50%) for the two groups. The relationship between shear wave speed (SWS) and detrusor compliance was estimated using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Independent t-test was used to compare SWS between two groups.

In patients with NB, there was a significant relationship between the mean SWS of the anterior bladder wall and detrusor compliance (R = 0.89, P = 0.0001). The comparison between normal and NB groups showed that the mean SWS of the anterior bladder wall in the patients was significantly higher than the healthy group (1.88 ± 0.88 m/s vs. 0.94 ± 0.15; P = 0.0001). There was also no significant relationship between SWS, gender, age, weight, and body mass index of patients (P > 0.05).

The results showed that SWE can be used as a useful alternative for urorodynamic testing in the evaluation of NB (bladder dysfunction) in children.

Journal of family medicine and primary care. 2019 Apr [Epub]

Alireza Ghorbani Bavani, Mohammad Ghasem Hanafi, Mohsen Sarkarian

Department of Radiology, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran., Department of Urology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.