The use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to assess prostate cancer (PCa) has increased over the past decade. We aimed to assess if preoperative mpMRI lesion score, a variable routinely available for men undergoing pre-biopsy MRI, improves the performance of commonly used preoperative predictive models for PCa recurrence.

We analyzed data from 372 patients with PCa treated with radical prostatectomy in 2012 to 2017 and assessed with pre-biopsy mpMRI within 6 months prior to surgery. Suspicious areas for cancer were scored on a standardized 5-point scale. Cox regression was used to assess the association between mpMRI score and the risk of postoperative biochemical recurrence. Two different models were tested accounting for factors included in the Kattan nomogram and in the D’Amico risk-classification.

Overall, 53% and 30% of patients were found with a lesion scored 4 or 5 at pre-biopsy mpMRI, respectively. Risk varied widely by mpMRI (29% 2-year risk of biochemical recurrence for a score of 5 vs. 5% for a score of 1-2), and mpMRI score was associated with large hazard ratios after adjusting for stage, grade, and prostate-specific antigen: 1.66, 1.96, and 2.71 for scores 3, 4, and 5, respectively. However, 95% confidence intervals were very wide (0.19-14.20, 0.26-14.65, and 0.36-20.55, respectively) and included 1.

Our data did not show that preoperative models, commonly used to assess PCa risk, were improved after including the pre-biopsy mpMRI score. However, the value of pre-biopsy mpMRI to improve preoperative risk models should be investigated in larger data sets.

Clinical genitourinary cancer. 2019 May 16 [Epub ahead of print]

Paolo Capogrosso, Emily A Vertosick, Nicole E Benfante, Daniel D Sjoberg, Andrew J Vickers, James A Eastham

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Division of Experimental Oncology/Unit of Urology, Urological Research Institute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: ., Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY.