To determine the efficacy and safety of a periprostatic nerve block combined with perineum subcutaneous anaesthesia and intrarectal lidocaine gel for transrectal ultrasound-guided transperineal prostate biopsy (TPBx) through a prospective randomised controlled trial.
In total, 216 patients from May 2018 to November 2018 were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group at a ratio of 1:1. The experimental group received a periprostatic nerve block combined with subcutaneous perineal anaesthesia and intrarectal lidocaine gel. The control group received total intravenous anaesthesia. A visual analogue scale (VAS) score (0-10) was used to evaluate pain at different stages. The operative time, duration of hospitalisation, intraoperative vital signs, perioperative complications and clinicopathological features were recorded.
The overall detection rate of prostate cancer was 40.74%, and the median Gleason score was 8 for all patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. No significant differences in terms of detection rates, Gleason scores and ISUP/WHO Grade Groups were found between the two groups (P > 0.05). The experimental group had no pain or just met the criteria for mild pain during the biopsy, which was significantly alleviated after the biopsy, and had a shorter operation time compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the experimental group had more stable haemodynamics and respiratory status and fewer surgical complications (P < 0.05).
In multiple aspects, a periprostatic nerve block combined with subcutaneous perineal anaesthesia and intrarectal lidocaine gel is a safer and more efficient approach to local anaesthesia for TPBx that can almost replace total intravenous anaesthesia and is worthwhile applying in the clinical setting.
Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases. 2019 Jun 03 [Epub ahead of print]
Zhengtong Lv, Huichuan Jiang, Xiheng Hu, Changzhao Yang, Harripersaud Chand, Congyi Tang, Yuan Li
Department of Urology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, P.R. China., Department of Urology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, P.R. China. .