To improve the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) by combining the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) and prostate-specific antigen-age volume (PSA-AV), especially among those in gray zone with PI-RADS v2 score 3 or serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) 4 to 10 ng/mL. The 357 patients were enrolled in this study. The PI-RADS v2 scoring system was used to represent characteristics on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). PI-RADS v2 score 3 or tPSA 4 to 10 ng/mL were defined as the gray zone in detecting PCa. The formula equates to the patient age multiplied by the prostate volume, which is divided by the tPSA level. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to ascertain significant predictors of prostate cancer.In all, 174 (48.7%) were benign prostatic hyperplasia, 183 (51.3%) had PCa. The results showed that PI-RADS v2, tPSA, and PSA-AV were significant independent predictors of prostate cancer. PI-RADS v2 score ≥4 could detect PCa with rate of 82.1%. Serum tPSA ≥10 ng/mL could detect PCa with rate of 66.2%, PSA density (PSAD) ≥0.15 ng/mL/cc with rate of 62.8%, and PSA-AV ≤250 with rate of 83.5%. Combining with PSA-AV ≤250, patients those with tPSA 4 to 10 ng/mL could improve the detection from 36.0% up to 81%, those with PI-RADS v2 score 3 from 28.6% up to 60.0%.PI-RADS v2 and PSA-AV are faithful variables for detecting PCa. And for patients, those in gray zones of PI-RADS v2 and tPSA, PSA-AV can improve detection rate of PCa.

Medicine. 2019 Jun [Epub]

Yuan-Fei Lu, Qian Zhang, Hai-Yan Chen, Jie-Yu Chen, Yao Pan, Cong-Cong Xu, Jian-Xia Xu, Ri-Sheng Yu

Department of Radiology., Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine., Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.