Prospective evaluation of the 6 months functional and clinical outcome of 27 patients treated with Laparoscopic Sacrocolpopexy (LSC).
Pelvic organ prolapse was assessed by Baden-Walker system along with a validated quality of life questionnaire preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively to assess vaginal, urinary, bowel and sexual symptoms.
At a mean 6 months follow-up, 96% of the symptomatic women had successful vaginal vault support with no recurrence of prolapse symptoms. Successful anatomical outcome (any prolapse ≤ stage 1) was found in 89%. Regarding the urinary functional symptoms, significant improvement was reported in the voiding function, painful symptoms and the relevant quality of life. Stress urinary incontinence resolved in 67% without concomitant continence surgery; 4% from the stress incontinence was de novo. Bowel symptoms were common, both pre- and postoperatively; 40% from the postoperative bowel symptoms was de novo. Sexually active women reported significant improvement in sexual function; there was one case of de novo dyspareunia.
LSC is an effective treatment for vault prolapse as soon as in the 6-months follow-up. The outcome for anterior and posterior support is less predictable. The pelvic organ vaginal, urinary and sexual functional symptoms improve. The effects on bowel function are less clear. Long-term prospective studies are required to establish the duration of the benefits.
Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction. 2019 Jul 02 [Epub ahead of print]
Nikolaos V Apostolopoulos, Krystallenia I Alexandraki, Anwen Gorry, Adeyemi Coker
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen’s Hospital, Rom Valley Way, Romford, RM70AG, UK. Electronic address: ., Department of Endocrinology, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, West Smithfield, London, EC1A 7BE, UK., Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen’s Hospital, Rom Valley Way, Romford, RM70AG, UK.