To assess the utility of multiparametric MRI in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) by comparing PI-RADSv2 scores with International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) pathologic grading criteria.

Data from 137 patients were retrospectively analyzed. PI-RADSv2 scores were compared with pathologic grade using ISUP criteria. Pathologic grades were divided into clinically significant (groups 3-5) and clinically insignificant lesions (groups 1-2). Chi-squared analysis was performed for to assess correlation.

Sensitivity and specificity of PI-RADSv2 score 3-5 lesions for detecting csPCa was 100% and 18.5%, respectively. Negative predictive value (NPV) is 100% for these lesions. When considering only PI-RADSv2 score 4-5 lesions, sensitivity decreases to 90% and specificity increases to 67.5%, with a NPV of 98.5%. When only PI-RADSv2 score 5 lesions are considered, sensitivity decreases to 50% and specificity increases to 90%, with a NPV of 95%.

Multiparametric MRI has excellent sensitivity for detecting csPCa. Specificity is poor for PI-RADSv2 score 3 lesions but improves significantly for PI-RADSv2 score 4 and 5 lesions. Overall, mpMRI is an excellent screening tool for csPCa, as designated by the recently validated ISUP criteria.

Multiple limitations of the longstanding Gleason pathologic scoring system have led to the development of new ISUP pathologic criteria, which is more focused on the clinical significance of lesions. There are currently insufficient studies evaluating and validating the ISUP criteria with PIRADS v2 evaluation of the prostate.

Current problems in diagnostic radiology. 2019 Jun 29 [Epub ahead of print]

Mitchell Daun, Sara Fardin, Alexander Ushinsky, Sahil Batra, Michael Nguyentat, Thomas Lee, Edward Uchio, Chandana Lall, Roozbeh Houshyar

University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA. Electronic address: ., University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA.