Objectives: To investigate the differences in bladder sensations of overactive bladder (OAB) patients compared to healthy volunteers. In addition, to see if bladder sensations are different in men and women. Methods: In a prospective, longitudinal study (METC 09-2-095), 66 volunteers and 68 OAB patients were included. Anticholinergic medication was stopped. Subjects filled out a sensation-related bladder diary (SR-BD), for two periods of 3 days, including a 4-points urgency scale and visual analogue scale for perception of bladder fullness. Results: In total, 6160 voids were assessed. Patients voided more often with higher degrees of urge at a lower mean voided volume (193 vs 270 ml/void; p < 0.001) than healthy volunteers. The mean urinary frequency per litre diuresis was also higher (5.8 vs 4.1/l; p < 0.001) in patients. At the same voided volume: patients perceived a higher mean bladder fullness, independent of the degree of urge, and higher urgency (1.4 vs 0.5/100 ml; p < 0.001) than healthy volunteers. There were no gender differences in the above-mentioned voiding parameters, except for the mean voided volume at urge 3 in volunteers (340 ml in men vs 362 ml in women; p = 0.03) and urge 1 in patients (171 ml in men vs 135 ml in women; p = 0.027). Conclusions: Bladder sensations were significantly increased in everyday life for both male and female OAB patients compared to healthy volunteers. OAB patients experienced a higher mean bladder fullness sensation, independent of the degree of urge, and higher mean urge/urgency at the same voided volume than volunteers. Bladder sensations are crucial in the assessment of treatment response.

Scandinavian journal of urology. 2019 Jul 29 [Epub ahead of print]

A G M Herrewegh, D M J Vrijens, T A T Marcelissen, G A van Koeveringe

a Department of Urology, Maastricht University Medical Centre+ , Maastricht , The Netherlands.