Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and cystocele often occur concomitantly and thus may potentially be treated via a single surgical procedure. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of concomitant transobturator tape (TOT) with anterior colporrhaphy versus subvesical transobturator mesh (TOM) for cystocele-associated SUI.

This prospective, clinical trial included women with cystocele-associated SUI. Patients were randomly allocated into either group I (anterior colporrhaphy with concomitant TOT “in-out” fixation) or group II (implantation of a subvesical four-armed TOM). All patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively. Statistical tests were performed to compare the group outcomes based on objective, subjective, and anatomical variables.

There were 81 patients in group I and 83 in group II. Median follow-up duration was 12 months. The demographic data and baseline clinical characteristics of both groups were comparable. There were no significant differences between groups regarding the success rates of SUI and cystocele repair. Groups I and II had similar cure rates of SUI (82.9 and 88.4%, respectively; p = 0.369) and incidences of successful cystocele repair (85.4 and 97.7%, respectively; p = 0.055). No urethral or bladder injuries or mesh erosions were reported. Both groups had comparable postoperative complications, except the greater incidence of micturition difficulty in group I than group II, during the early follow-up (12.2% vs. 0.0%; p = 0.024).

Transvaginal mesh was not superior to native tissue repair. Anterior colporrhaphy and TOT may be an appropriate alternative to four-armed TOM application for concomitant correction of SUI and cystocele.

International urogynecology journal. 2019 Aug 02 [Epub ahead of print]

Abul-Fotouh A Ahmed, Ashraf H Abdellatif, Hesham A El-Helaly, Ibrahim A Tagreda, Mohammed M El-Feky, Mohammed M Agha, Ahmed G Abdelraouf, Ahmed F Abdelrahim

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, 11633, Egypt. ., Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, 11633, Egypt., Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt.