The epidemiological and prognostic data focusing on clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) are rarely presented. This study was aimed to define the frequency, incidence, and survival outcomes of ccRCC in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was searched for patients with ccRCC from 1973 to 2014. Two patient cohorts were utilized: patient cohorts of SEER 18 registries and 9 registries. Overall survival was determined with Kaplan-Meier method and compared across groups with log-rank test.The incidence rate of ccRCC increased with advancing age, peaked in individuals aged 60 to 79 years, and declined in individuals aged ≥80 years. The incidence rate of ccRCC was significantly higher in males than females (1.94: 1, P < .0001), in Whites than Blacks or others (1:0.79:0.91, P < .0001). The incidence rate of ccRCC with right side as primary origin was slightly but significantly higher than that with left side as primary origin (1:0.96, P = .0006). The incidence rate of ccRCC in Grade II was higher than other grades. Generally, the incidence rates of ccRCC in most circumstances started to surge in the middle 1990s. Survival outcomes of ccRCC worsened with advancing age at diagnosis, tumor grade, and stage. A better prognosis was observed in females than males, in Whites than Blacks, and in individuals diagnosed in 2006 to 2014 than 1973 to 2005.To the best of our knowledge, the present study firstly presented long-term and updated epidemiological and prognostic data concerning ccRCC in the United States. Significant differences in incidence rates and survival outcomes stratified by different variables were identified.

Medicine. 2019 Aug [Epub]

Xiao Feng, Lina Zhang, Wenzhi Tu, Shundong Cang

Department of Oncology., Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease and Immunology, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou University, School of Clinical Medicine, Henan University, Zhengzhou, Henan., The Comprehensive Cancer Center, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.