To evaluate the impact of trans-vaginal fractional CO2 laser treatment on symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women.
Women clinically diagnosed with SUI preferring non-surgical treatment were recruited to the study. Fractional CO2 laser system (MonaLisa T, DEKA) treatments were administered trans-vaginally every 4-6 weeks for a total of three treatments. Response to treatment was assessed at baseline (T1), at 3 months after treatment completion (T2) and at 12-24-month follow-up (T3) using the Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire (APFQ). The primary outcome was changes in reported symptoms of SUI. Secondary outcomes assessed included bladder function, urgency, urge urinary incontinence (UUI), pad usage, impact of urinary incontinence on quality of life (QOL) and degree of bothersome bladder.
Fifty-eight women were recruited and received the study treatment protocol. Eighty-two percent of participants reported an improvement in symptoms of SUI at completion of treatment (mild to no SUI) (p = <0.01). Treatment effect waned slightly when assessed at follow-up. Nevertheless, 71% of participants reported ongoing improvement in SUI symptoms at 12-24 months (p < 0.01). All secondary outcome measures were improved after treatment compared to baseline.
This study suggests that fractional CO2 laser is a safe, feasible, and beneficial treatment for SUI and may have a role as a minimally-invasive alternative to surgical management.
European journal of obstetrics & gynecology and reproductive biology: X. 2019 Jan 11*** epublish ***
Fariba Behnia-Willison, Tran T T Nguyen, Behrang Mohamadi, Thierry G Vancaillie, Alan Lam, Nadia N Willison, Jett Zivkovic, Richard J Woodman, Monika M Skubisz
Flinders Medical Center, Flinders University, FBW Gynaecology Plus, Adelaide, SA., Flinders Medical Center, FBW Gynaecology Plus, Adelaide, SA., FBW Gynaecology Plus, Adelaide, SA., University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW., University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW., Flinders University, Adelaide, SA., Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, SA.