Ureteral calculi generally refer to the temporary obstruction of the human body after the ureteral stenosis. When the ureteral stones are not discharged in time, they can grow in the original site, causing the patient to have corresponding clinical manifestations, such as: renal colic, hematuria, etc, when severe, can cause renal obstruction and hydronephrosis, seriously endangering the patient’s health. Ureteral calculi usually occur in young and middle-aged people. The peak age of the disease is between 20 and 50 years old. It also occurs in the young and middle-aged labor force. The men incidence rate is 2 to 3 times that of women. Ureteral calculi is one of the current refractory diseases, and the effect after treatment with integrated Chinese and Western medicine is remarkable.

We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to November 2018. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of ureteral.

This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Traditional Chinese medicine for ureteral. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial.Registration number: PROSPERO CRD42019137095.

Medicine. 2019 Sep [Epub]

Haisong Li, Sheng Deng, Jisheng Wang, Xudong Yu, Xuefeng Gong, Yanfeng Li, Hongwei Yuan

Department of Andrology., The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine., Department of Urology., Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.