Urinary incontinence is a major public health issue in the United States with physical, mental, social, and economic repercussions. History and in-office evaluation are paramount to diagnosis and formation of an appropriate treatment plan. Lifestyle modifications, which include pelvic floor muscle training and behavioral changes, are appropriate for initial management. Patients with overactive bladder syndrome whose symptoms are not adequately controlled with conservative treatment can be offered medical or procedural management. Stress urinary incontinence refractory to first-line treatment can be treated with surgical options such as mesh midurethral slings.

Clinical obstetrics and gynecology. 2019 Sep 04 [Epub ahead of print]

Stephanie J Handler, Amy E Rosenman

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance.