Low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) is primarily managed with Active Surveillance (AS). A subset of these patients have significantly enlarged glands and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) recalcitrant to medical therapy. Radical treatment in this patient population risks compromise to both erectile function and continence. Therefore, our primary aim is to introduce a novel surgical technique, robotic total prostatectomy (RTP), for the management of severely enlarged prostate hyperplasia with concomitant suspicion of low-risk prostate cancer.
After IRB approval and patient consultation/education, we performed RTP on 12 consecutive patients who presented with low-risk PCa and significantly enlarged prostate glands with LUTS. Inclusion criteria included patients with suspicion of low-risk malignancy, subjective/objective complaint of LUTS, and pre-operative prostate size > 60 g. Preoperative, perioperative and postoperative variables were studied in the following domains: surgical, oncologic, continence and erectile function.
A total of 12 patients underwent RTP. Mean preoperative prostate volume and PSA was estimated at 96.96 g and 8.79, respectively. Surgical time, EBL and LOS was estimated at 180.8 min, 189.6 ml, and 2 days, respectively. Post-operative variables confirmed resolution of LUTS (mean PVR 41.78/IPSS 8.3) and efficient oncologic control (mean PSA 0.04), with minimal compromise of sexual function. 100% continence was achieved at 3 months.
RTP is a novel, efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of patients with at-risk for low-grade malignancy and symptomatic LUTS in an enlarged gland. Expanding the indication to patients with low-risk malignancy, irrespective of prostate size may alleviate the adverse effects of radical treatment in this select subset of patients.
World journal of urology. 2019 Sep 19 [Epub ahead of print]
Ram A Pathak, Ashok K Hemal
Department of Urology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, 1 Medical Center BLVD, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, USA., Department of Urology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, 1 Medical Center BLVD, Winston-Salem, NC, 27157, USA. .