Vaginal meshes used in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) have produced highly variable outcomes, causing life-changing complications in some patients while providing others with effective, minimally invasive treatments. The risk:benefit ratio when using vaginal meshes is a complex issue in which a combination of several factors, including the inherent incompatibility of the mesh material with some applications in pelvic reconstructive surgeries and the lack of appropriate regulatory approval processes at the time of the premarket clearance of these products, have contributed to the occurrence of complications caused by vaginal mesh. Surgical mesh used in hernia repair has evolved over many years, from metal implants to knitted polymer meshes that were adopted for use in the pelvic floor for treatment of POP and SUI. The evolution of the material and textile properties of the surgical mesh was guided by clinical feedback from hernia repair procedures, which were also being modified to obtain the best outcomes with use of the mesh. Current evidence shows how surgical mesh fails biomechanically when used in the pelvic floor and materials with improved performance can be developed using modern material processing and tissue engineering techniques.
Nature reviews. Urology. 2019 Sep 23 [Epub ahead of print]
Naşide Mangir, Betül Aldemir Dikici, Christopher R Chapple, Sheila MacNeil
Kroto Research Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK., Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Department of Urology, Sheffield, UK., Kroto Research Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. .