A Study Comparing Intermittent Androgen Depriving Therapy With Or Without Salvage High-Dose Intensity Modulation Radiotherapy (IG-IMRT)To Oligometastatic Pelvic Lymph Nodes In Biochemically-relapsing Prostate Cancer Patients.

Condition: Prostate Cancer, Oligometastasis


  • Drug: IADT
  • Combination Product: IADT + radiotherapy

Purpose: Metastatic prostate cancer has traditionally been regarded as an incurable dissemination of disease, and treatment is focused on delaying progression rather than eliminating all tumor burden. Local therapies, and specifically radiotherapy, have been directed at quality of life endpoints and not at improving survival. However, advances in imaging and systemic therapy have identified a population of ‘oligometastatic’ patients who have a lower burden of metastatic disease (usually ≤5 lesions), who may present an exception. This condition is hypothesized to occupy the hinterland between incurable metastatic disease and locoregional disease, where micrometastatic disease is assumed to exist and yet remain eradicable. Oligometastases can be detected using standard imaging but the sensitivity of these exams is very low for patients with a PSA below 10 ng/ml. In France, FCH PET imaging is now routinely available in a large majority of cancer centres. More recently, PSMA PET imaging has been developed. Since most oligometastases are now discovered at a time when conventional imaging is unable to detect metastases, we must rely on the literature regarding purely biochemically-relapsing prostate cancer patients. Three strategies have been explored: (i) observation until symptoms develop, (ii) early intermittent Androgen Deprivation Therapy (IADT) and (iii) continuous Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT). Recent data suggest that, of the three strategies, early intermittent ADT was superior in term of overall survival to observation in controlling metastatic prostate cancer, and this effect was similar in the biochemically-relapsing prostate cancer patient population. This phase III study will explore the role of salvage pelvic IG-IMRT combined with intermittent ADT (IADT) in pelvic oligometastatic patients in prolonging the first failure-free interval between the first and the second intermittent ADT courses.

Study Type: Interventional

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT 8-digits: NCT03630666

Sponsor: Institut Cancerologie de l’Ouest

Primary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: progression-free survival
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Measure: overall survival
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: time to castration-resistance
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: toxicity to IADT and radiation
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: quality of life during treatment
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: quality of life during treatment
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: quality of life during treatment
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:
  • Measure: site of tumor progression
  • Time Frame: 90 months
  • Safety Issue:

Estimated Enrollment: 256

Study Start Date: December 4, 2018


  • Age: minimum 18 Years maximum N/A
  • Gender: Male

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically-proven prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Performance Status 0-1
  • Prior radical prostate treatment (surgery and/or radiotherapy)
  • ≤ 5 metastatic pelvic lymph nodes detected by FCH-PET or PSMA-PET
  • Upper limit of metastatic lymph nodes: aortic bifurcation
  • If ADT has been previously administered to the patient, at least 12 months must have elapsed between the predicted duration of the last injection and inclusion of the patient in the study. For this category of patients, serum testosterone must be higher than 6 nmol/L (50 ng/L) prior to inclusion
  • Biochemical relapse (according to the European Association of Urology guidelines) is defined by : Following radical prostatectomy (RP), biochemical recurrence (BCR) is defined by two consecutive rising PSA values > 0.20 ng/ml After primary radiation therapy (RT), the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) and American Society for Radiation Oncology Phoenix Consensus Conference definition of PSA failure is any PSA increase > 2.00 ng/ml higher than the PSA nadir value, regardless of the serum concentration of the nadir.
  • Having given written informed consent prior to any procedure related to the study.
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including all scheduled treatment, visits and examinations.
  • Patient has valid health insurance
  • Subjects who have partners of childbearing potential must be willing to use a method of effective birth control during treatment and for 12 months following completion of treatment with ADT or IG-IMRT.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Bone or visceral metastases
  • Para-aortic lymph node metastases (above the aortic bifurcation)
  • Presence of more than five metastatic lymph nodes
  • Evidence of local intra-prostatic relapse
  • Evidence of prostate bed relapse in a previously irradiated region. Prostate bed relapses which have not been previously irradiated will not be excluded
  • Evidence of metastasis at initial diagnosis
  • Evidence of distant metastases beyond the pelvic lymph nodes
  • Previous irradiation of pelvic lymph nodes
  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) as defined by : a castrate serum testosterone < 6 nmol/L (50 ng/L)
  • Contraindications to pelvic irradiation (e.g. chronic inflammatory bowel disease)
  • Contraindications to ADT (known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or excipients)
  • Severe uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic BP ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥ 95 mmHg). Patients with a history of hypertension are allowed provided blood pressure is controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
  • Other malignancy treated within the last 5 years (except non-melanoma skin cancer)
  • Patients with a biochemical relapse while on active treatment with LHRH-agonist, LHRH-antagonist, anti-androgen, maximal androgen blockade, or oestrogen
  • Treatment during the past month with products known to influence PSA levels (such as finasteride)
  • In case of previous prostate/prostate bed radiotherapy, PET-positive lymph nodes have to be located outside the previous irradiation field with a maximum of 20 Gy to the PET-positive lymph nodes region
  • Patients already included in another therapeutic trial with an experimental drug or having been given an experimental drug within a period of 30 days
  • Disorder precluding understanding of trial information or informed consent


  • stephane.supiot@ico.unicancer.fr
  • 02 40 67 99 00 Ext. +33


  • Institut Sainte Catherine
  • Avignon 84918 France
  • Institut Bergonie
  • Bordeaux 33076 France
  • CHRU de Brest
  • Brest 29200 France
  • Clinique Pasteur
  • Brest 29200 France
  • Institut de Cancérologie de Bourgogne
  • Chalon-sur-Saône 71100 France
  • Centre Jean Perrin
  • Clermont-Ferrand 63000 France
  • Centre Georges François Leclerc
  • Dijon 21079 France
  • Centre Oscar Lambret
  • Lille 59020 France
  • Centre Léon Bérard
  • Lyon 69373 France
  • Institut de Cancérologie de Montpellier
  • Montpellier 34298 France
  • Centre Azureen de Cancerologie
  • Mougins 06250 France
  • Institut de Cancérologie
  • Nantes 44000 France
  • Hopital Privé du Confluent
  • Nantes 44277 France
  • Clinique Mutualiste de l’Estuaire
  • Saint-Nazaire 44600 France
  • ICL Lucien Neuwirth
  • Saint-Priest-en-Jarez 42271 France
  • Centre Saint Yves
  • Vannes 56000 France

View trial on ClinicalTrials.gov