Radical cystectomy (RCX) is the standard treatment for muscle-invasive and treatment-refractory non-invasive bladder cancer, but that is associated with high morbidity. We now survey current practice patterns on perioperative management among German urological departments of all sizes METHODS:  Members of the German Association of Urology and the German Society of Residents in Urology (GeSRU) were contacted by email and asked to answer a 24-item online questionnaire covering clinically relevant aspects of current guidelines and controversies.