(UroToday.com) The European Association of Urology (EAU) section of the ESUR lecture was provided by Dr. Kerstin Junker who presented the best papers of translational research published in 2020. Dr. Junker notes that the intestinal microbiome has a role in checkpoint inhibition, in particularly the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Secondly, circulation DNA in the blood plasma has emerged as a new diagnostic tool, particularly for muscle-invasive bladder cancer.